Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) Function And Benefits

Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) Function And Benefits

What Is Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)?

Vitamin B5, known as Pantothenic Acid, is one of the eight essential B vitamins (B vitamins complex). It is a water-soluble vitamin that is absorbed primarily in the small intestine and delivered directly into the bloodstream.

Vitamin B5, similar to all the other B Vitamins, is mainly involved in the conversion of food (carbohydrates, fat, and protein) into energy.

Pantothenic Acid also has many other health benefits that we will discuss below.

Please Note

Supplemental forms of Vitamin B5 can be purchased online and do not require any prescription. However, we highly recommend that you seek advice from your doctor before buying any supplements.

Always seek advice from a qualified health professional if you are in doubt.

This article has been written for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a replacement for professional advice.

Quick facts about Vitamin B5:
  • Recommended Daily Intake:
    • 5 mg | For adults and children over 4 years old.
    • 2 mg | For children between 1 and 3 years old.
    • 1.8 mg | For infants up to 12 months old.
    • 7 mg | For pregnant women and lactating women.
  • Is 1 of the 8 essential B Vitamins:
    Your body cannot produce vitamin B5 on its own and, therefore, it must be obtained from your diet.

  • Food sources:
    Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) occurs naturally in foods such as meat, fish, grains, dairy, vegetables and legumes.

1. Supports Metabolism

The primary function of Vitamin B5 is the synthesis of Coenzyme A (CoA).

Coenzyme A plays a role in the synthesis of fatty acids and is necessary for the metabolism of carbohydrates, amino acids, fatty acids, and other biomolecules.


Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) is necessary for the metabolism of carbohydrates, amino acids, fatty acids, and other biomolecules.

2. Supports Healthy Skin

A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted for 12 weeks with supplementation of Vitamin B5 on adults who were suffering from mild to moderate acne vulgaris.

The study concluded that Vitamin B5 reduced the total facial lesion count by up to 67% of the adults who took a daily Pantothenic Acid supplement compared to the placebo group.


Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) can reduce lesions on skin by up to 67% and improve skin health.

3. Deficiency

A deficiency can occur depending on the following factors:

  • Poor diet

  • Consumption of alcohol

Deficiency symptoms include:

  • Numbness and burning of the hands and feet

  • Headache

  • Fatigue

  • Irritability

  • Restlessness

  • Disturbed sleep

  • Gastrointestinal disturbances with anorexia

4. Conclusion

Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) is part of the essential B vitamins complex. It supports metabolism, and maintaining healthy skin.

A deficiency of Vitamin B5 is very rare in developed countries. However, factors such as a poor diet and alcohol consumption can increase the risk of developing a deficiency.

If you are concerned about your Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) levels, we highly recommend that you seek advice from your healthcare provider.