Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) Function And Benefits

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) Function And Benefits


What is Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)?

Vitamin B2, known as Riboflavin, is one of the eight essential B vitamins (B vitamins complex). It is a water-soluble vitamin which is stored primarily in the proximal small intestine (duodenum).

Your body cannot produce Vitamin B2 on its own and, therefore, it must come from your diet.

Vitamin B2, similar to all the other B Vitamins, is mainly involved in the conversion of food (carbohydrates, fat, and protein) into energy.

Riboflavin also has many other health benefits that we will discuss below.

Please Note

Supplemental forms of Vitamin B2 can be purchased online and do not require any prescription. However, we highly recommend that you seek advice from your doctor before buying any supplements.

Always seek advice from a qualified health professional if you are in doubt.

This article has been written for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a replacement for professional advice.



Quick facts about Vitamin B2:
  • Recommended Daily Intake:
    • 1.3 mg | For adults and children over 4 years old.
    • 0.5 mg | For children between 1 and 3 years old.
    • 0.4 mg | For infants up to 12 months old.
    • 1.6 mg | For pregnant women and lactating women.
  • Is 1 of the 8 essential B Vitamins:
    Your body cannot produce vitamin B2 on its own and, therefore, it must be obtained from your diet.

  • Food sources:
    Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) occurs naturally in foods such as eggs, dairy products, meats, green vegetables, and grains. Grains are generally low in riboflavin, however certain bread and cereals are fortified with riboflavin which makes it an excellent source.







1. Supports Metabolism And Digestive System

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) is known to play a fundamental role in metabolism. It keeps your digestive system in a healthy state and supports breaking down fats, proteins, and carbohydrates into glucose for energy.

Riboflavin also plays a role in the metabolism of other nutrients, especially in all of the B vitamins.

A deficiency in Riboflavin can alter your body's metabolic process and limit the absorption of nutrients leading to deficiencies and severe health complications.

Summary

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) is known to play a fundamental role in metabolism. A deficiency in Riboflavin can alter your body's metabolic process and limit the absorption of other nutrients.




2. Supports Healthy Skin And Hair

Research has shown that vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) is involved in the red blood cell production and transportation of oxygen to the cells.

Maintaining the right level of riboflavin within your body can increase circulating hemoglobin levels and red cell production, which promotes healthy hair and scalp.

Riboflavin is also necessary for maintaining proper collagen levels, which is essential for keeping skin and hair healthy.

A deficiency of riboflavin can affect the absorption process of iron, which can lead to many health implications such as pale skin and hair loss.

Summary

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) is involved in red blood cell and collagen production, which is necessary for maintaining healthy hair and skin.




3. Supports Normal Development And Reproduction

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) deficiency is believed to have a link with many developmental abnormalities such as cleft lip and palate, growth retardation, and cardiac disease. It is involved in growth and development, especially during fetal life, reproduction, and lactation.

Pregnant women have a higher demand for Riboflavin. A deficiency, in this case, can increase the risk of the infant being born riboflavin deficient. This can cause abnormalities for your newborn and may restrict the healthy growth and development process.

Summary

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) deficiency can affect healthy development, especially during fetal life, reproduction, and lactation.




4. Deficiency

A deficiency can occur depending on the following factors:

  • Poor diet

  • Consumption of alcohol

  • Chronic diarrhea

  • Liver disorder

  • Hemodialysis.

  • Birth control pills.

  • Old age.

A deficiency can cause the following:

  • Red lips, dry, fissured or ulcerated.

  • Dry tongue, atrophic, magenta red or sometimes blackish

  • Angular cheilitis is often noted

  • Seborrheic dermatitis may be present on the face

  • Skin rash

  • Weakness and fatigue

  • Vision problems

  • Sore throat

  • Anaemia




5. Conclusion

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) is part of the essential B vitamins complex. It supports metabolism, hair, skin, healthy development, lactation and reproduction.

A deficiency of Vitamin B2 is not common in developed countries. However, factors such as a poor diet, alcohol consumption, liver disorder, and some chronic illnesses can increase the risk of developing a deficiency.

If you are concerned about your Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) levels, we highly recommend that you seek advice from your healthcare provider.